Ephesus is one of the largest archaeological sites of its kind in the world. The ancient city started its existence under the Greeks and later became a part of the Roman empire. It fell into ruin along with the rest of the Roman empire around 250 A.D. until archaeologists re-discovered and began excavation of the site in the 19th century. These days, it’s a major tourist destination in Turkey and features some of the best restored structures from the Roman era.
The site is still under excavation but some structures such as the terrace houses, the great theatre, and the library of Celsus are in amazing condition and worth making the trip to Ephesus for.
Practical Info Ephesus is located about 3km from the town of Selcuk, which is about 10 hours by bus from Istanbul. There are plenty of accommodation and eating options in Selcuk.